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A full line of Forage & Hay equipment

for effective agriculture in Africa & the Middle East

Although usually consumed fresh, forage crops may be harvested in several ways for storage and future use. The type of harvesting depends on many factors such as species, use, local conditions, machinery, logistics... As always, ICS highly experience teams will guide you through the process of selecting the perfect agricultural machinery for your farming project.

Cutting, Mowing

Within the types of hay forages, it is necessary to distinguish between leguminous crops and grasses.

Mowing should be clean so as not to break the stems (allowing faster regrowth and limiting disease development), raking and baling must be very gentle to limit the loss of leaves. Hay is well suited for cultivation in arid areas,  as long as its quality is not threatened by rain.

Cut quality:

With the new Max Cut CLAAS mower bar, we can now offer you a disc mower having the same quality cut as a sickle bar mower, used historically in the US or in our regions.
The new Max Cut Claas cutter bar allows better coverage between the disks and higher speed, meaning a clean cut without damaging the stems.
This cutterbar has the double advantage of having a very high working speed (up to 20km / h in alfalfa), and needing very little maintenance thanks to its design and very robust parts.
> More information on the Max cut cutterbar...

  • Trailed mowers range

Small to medium sized farms will opt for trailed mowers, such as Disco 3150 TRC or TRC 3600, with respective working widths of 3.4m and 3m.
> More information on the range of Claas trailed mowers

  • Mowers from 8m to 10,70m wide

Very large farms can opt for mowers from 8m to 10,70m wide (Disco 8400 and Disco 1100), combined with a tractor from the CLAAS Axion 800 - 900 range and between 180 and 300HP (link to Claas tractors), which will allow you to break productivity records! (Up to 15 hectares per hour)
> More information on the large width versions of the Disco range

Conditioners:

To increase the drying speed hence a reduction in the time between mowing and baling forage, ICS has adopted the use of conditioners. Beyond reducing the time for baling, this technique also allows a second cut for some forage such as alfalfa. For alfalfa, we only recommend the roller conditioner systems which maintain feed quality without loss of leaves.

A disc mower and conditioner (the most aggressive possible) is highly suited. In very dry and arid conditions, a conditioner is usually unnecessary.

The case of Rhodes Grass

In our regions, Rhodes Grass is a very common forage grass, posing in general problems at harvest time because its yield can sometimes be extremely high. Many mowing systems are not able to cope with such high yields.

Together with Claas, we have proved that it is possible to harvest Rhodes Grass with a 155HP tractor at relatively high speeds (12km / h), and at a working width of 8m! This represents real savings for our customers!

Windrowing - raking

It is also necessary to distinguish between leguminous crops and grasses.

The Sun Wheel rakes with independent sun wheels are now known to cause the least loss of leaves (and quality) for harvesting leguminous plants.

ICS recommends

The manufacturer SITREX is the only manufacturer of machines equipped with a ground pressure adjustment system on the collector wheels, and this at very low price levels!

In fact, without this pressure adjustment system, the wheels become too aggressive for the crop and tend to cause damage. Competing systems when they are so equipped, are very expensive.

Their system without a PTO shaft and without hydraulic drive is very simple and requires very little maintenance. Productivity is almost doubled compared to other systems on the market, despite a much lower price than competing machines!

For raking hay ICS recommends the use of rotary rakes, such as those from the CLAAS 'Liner' range.

Grasses, including Rhodes Grass can reach much higher yields than alfalfa. To facilitate baling it is important that the windrows are consistent and relatively compact, this is not possible with independent star-wheel rakes.

This will increase productivity during baling making better shaped and more uniform bales.

Baling

Balers are generally subject to daily use in difficult conditions (dust, high temperature). Loss of time during harvesting endangers quality and yield. Balers are usually machines with fairly simple mechanicals, but they do require regular maintenance.

ICS recommends

Our choice of balers has moved towards simpler machines, robust, easy to use and maintain. We sell two types of baler depending on the intended market.

Balers for small square bales: 36x49cm with adjustable length from 0.5 to 1.2m => bales between 12 and 35kg.

We suggest in this case the use of CLAAS MARKANT 55 balers, which are famous for their  robustness and ease of maintenance.

120x70cm with adjustable length => Between 300 and 500kg

We work with CLAAS QUADRANT balers:

The new Quadrant baler range permits: increasing work speed, higher bale density and better shaped bales (bales more stable during stacking or transport).

The new knotter system is more robust and equipped with tension sensors thus achieving maximum density without reaching the breaking point of the twine.

  • Quadrant 4200: 120x70cm without a pre-compression chamber and standard channel length
  • Quadrant 5200: 120x70cm, reinforced chassis, channel length increased by 12%, with a pre-compression chamber. These presses can reach very high densities and very high productivity!
  • Quadrant 5300: 120x90cm, with adjustable length => Up to 800kg

Claas QUADRANT baler supplied with onsite set up by ICS

We also supply round balers. These are generally easier to use and require less maintenance. They are mostly used when the crop is consumed locally and not exported (the volume of containers is not optimized with round bales). We can offer you various origins to suit your needs (maintenance, bale sizes, density, type of feed, etc.).

Collect and stack bales

We do not sell collecting systems for small bales as they can generally be collected by hand (which becomes a major constraint when the cultivated areas exceed 300-400ha).

ICS recommends

For collecting large square bales, we strongly recommend the use of Plegamatic self-loading trailers.

This trailor allows the collection and stacking of the bales outside the field with only one machine and one tractor and greatly reduces the stress on the field by the passage of heavy machinery.

This trailer has an automatic system to load the bales (up to 16 bales of alfalfa), and a very fast system for unloading. This saves time, manpower for a limited investment and strongly decreased stress on the cultivated area (especially important for alfalfa - see the article "How to grow high quality alfalfa under arid conditions").

Bale collection in Sudan using a Plegamatic self-loading trailer

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